Take a walk around Old Town Square
Start your 48 hours in Prague with a walking tour of the Old Town Square. Examining the various architectural wonders of the historical centre of the city is one of the top Prague things to do. Take special notice of the varied architectural styles that seamlessly blend together across the square, including the gothic church of Our Lady before Týn, the baroque St. Nicholas Church, the Rococo style Kinský Palace, and the 14th century Old Town Hall.
Watch the ‘The Walk of the Apostles’
On the southern wall of the Old Town Hall is the Prague Orloj, or the Prague astronomical clock, placed there in the early 15th century. Not surprisingly, it is one of the oldest functioning clocks in the world. Apart from telling the date and time, the dials on the clock also denote the position of various celestial bodies, including the Sun, the Moon, and the planets, as well as zodiac information. But that’s not all. Every time the ornate clock chimes to announce the hour, a fascinating little theatre show is simultaneously set in motion. Two blue windows above the dial open up to reveal ‘The walk of the Apostles’, little statuettes of the twelve apostles revolving inside the chamber. Various figures around the dials also come to life, most notably the figure of death, represented by a skeleton ringing a bell and rotating an hourglass to symbolise the passing of life. The performance lasts for 45 seconds and is well worth the wait to watch a second time.
Visit the Prague Castle and St. Vitius Cathedral
Conclude your first day with a visit to the city’s most famous landmark, Prague Castle, and the top item on every list of Prague things to do. The castle was built in the 9th century and was the seat of Czech royalty. Today, the castle serves as the official residence of the President of Czech Republic. Entry into the castle grounds is free and a stroll around the beautiful gothic structure is highly recommended. Take the time to visit St. Vitius Cathedral and discover its various treasures, including the stunning stained-glass windows, elaborate mosaic of the Last Judgement, and tombs of Bohemian rulers.